Antalya is a city famous for its historical and natural beauties located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Turkey. The history of Antalya has a deep-rooted history dating back thousands of years.
The history of Antalya dates back to 1500 BC. During this period, the region was under the sovereignty of indigenous tribes such as the Lycians and the Pamlians. Later, in the 2nd century BC, it was conquered by the Kingdom of Pergamon and was known as "Attaleia". In ancient times, Antalya attracted the attention of the Roman Empire and developed as an important harbour city.
During the Middle Ages, Antalya came under the rule of the Byzantine Empire. However, in the 7th century, it was subjected to Arab raids and suffered significant destruction. In the 13th century, conquered by the Seljuk Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat, Antalya came under Turkish rule and became one of the important trade centres during this period.
During the Ottoman Empire, Antalya maintained its importance due to its strategic location. The Ottomans captured the city in the 15th century and included it under their rule. However, with the weakening of the Ottoman Empire towards the end of the 19th century, Antalya came under the occupation of various foreign powers in the region.
After World War I, Antalya was occupied by the Italians in 1918, and after the War of Independence, it rejoined Turkish territory with the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1921. Turkey's independence was the beginning of a new era for Antalya.
Throughout the century, Antalya maintained its importance as an agricultural and commercial centre. However, the rapid development in the tourism sector since the 1980s has made Antalya an international tourist destination. Its ancient cities, magnificent beaches, natural beauties and luxury holiday villages have caused millions of tourists to flock to this beautiful city every year.
Today, Antalya is one of the most important tourism centres in Turkey. It offers visitors a warm climate and unforgettable experiences in every season. It has a fascinating atmosphere with its historical riches such as the ancient cities of Perge, Side, Aspendos, as well as famous beaches such as Konyaaltı and Lara, and natural beauties such as Düden and Kursunlu Waterfalls.
Antalya also offers a rich lifestyle with its cultural events, festivals and local flavours. The city is equipped to host all kinds of holidaymakers with its modern infrastructure, airport and accommodation facilities.
Antalya's history is a treasure that carries its rich cultural heritage to the present day. For those looking for a holiday experience intertwined with nature and history, Antalya is a unique destination where they will accumulate unforgettable memories.